How Can Bees Damage A Home?

Photo of carpenter bee hole in wood siding

When homeowners think of a bee infestation, they often overlook the possible damage to their property caused by beehives. If you see several bees in or around your home, there will likely be more nearby. Various species of bees can cause damage to your home in a variety of ways. If you believe that bees are nesting in your walls, it’s critical to have them safely and correctly removed as soon as possible to minimize the damage.

Honey Bee Damage

Image of European honey beeA huge honey bee colony’s weight alone can cause structural damage to your home’s walls, chimneys, and roofs. Honey, melting wax, and waste products can push through walls as hives expand, leaving harmful stains on painted and wallpapered surfaces.

When a nest becomes too full for the bees, they break up and relocate to the nearest available space. Honeybees can fill spaces from the ceiling to the floor and from wall stud to wall stud if left undisturbed.

Beehives have a strong odor that attracts rats and insects as well as other pests. While the honeybees themselves may not create immense damage, rodents or raccoons searching for the honey will. Honey produces potent scents that wild animals will search for. If the bees are swarming in your attic or walls, a wild nuisance animal will find their way into that space, looking for an easy meal. 1Go To Source ohioline.osu.edu -“Honey Bees In House Walls”

Bumble Bee Damage

Bumblebees do not wreak havoc on buildings (i.e., they do not chew through wood or boreholes). Buff-tailed bumblebees, for example, have been known to build nests out of old mice nests, whereas Tree bumblebees have been known to build nests out of fiberglass loft insulation or used bird boxes. Bumblebees don’t make or store honey; therefore, there will be no dripping honey from your ceiling or walls.

Just because bumblebees don’t cause property damage doesn’t mean they are safe to have around your home. The bee stinger on bumblebees is barb-less, meaning they can sting multiple times and not die. To avoid a painful interaction, contact bee removal experts before the bumblebees take over your property.

Carpenter Bee Damage

Carpenter bees are one of the most common wood-destroying insects in the United States. While many kinds of these bees can be found across the country, Eastern carpenter bees are particularly destructive in the eastern states.

Carpenter bees prefer soft, aged trees or even reed-like plants with soft, pithy innards to build their nests. They do not, however, discriminate against inviting wood that is a part of your house. Carpenter bees, unlike termites, do not devour wood. They inflict harm to wood by digging into it to establish nesting chambers. The bees pierce their target structure with 1 inch-deep entry holes. Sawdust mounds on the ground and feces stains on the wood under their holes are telltale evidence of carpenter bee activity.

Once inside the wood, the tunneling bees branch out to construct 4 to 6 inch long perpendicular tunnels. A female carpenter bee builds six to eight chambers in which she will lay her eggs. The hole is almost perfectly round, and 1/2 inch in diameter from the outside, yet inside is a network of sunken passageways. Carpenter bee galleries can grow from a few inches to ten feet in length over time. 2Go To Source ncsu.edu -“Carpenter Bees Biting and Stinging Pests”

Signs Of Carpenter Bee Property Damage

Holes drilled into the wood around the exterior of your home are the most evident sign that your home may have carpenter bee damage. Sawdust may also be visible on the ground beneath the bored hole. A yellowing of the entrances to the holes is caused by a combination of bee pollen and feces. Male bees are also notorious for buzzing fiercely near the entrance to their nests and hovering in people’s faces.

Carpenter Bee Damage Repair Process

Image of carpenter bee chewing woodCarpenter bee holes can be as little as the tip of an eraser or as huge as an eraser head. Bee removal professionals will identify all damage points and make the necessary repairs to ensure the structural integrity of your home.

Step 1: Bee damage repair experts use a dissent powder to destroy any larvae deep in the holes, channels, or chambers. After the larvae have died, they can begin filling and sealing the holes. Copper steel wool is used to prevent additional burrowing and provide a solid foundation for stainable, paintable solvent-based wood fillers.

Step 2: After all of the cracks have been filled with copper steel wool, two coats of solvent-based wood filler are used to fill the burrows. The solvent-based wood filler accepts stains and seems natural, just like wood – (there will be a slight difference and be somewhat noticeable, but infinitely better than the hole there before).

Step 3: After the bee control technicians thoroughly sand the second filler coat, they can apply stain and sealer to the damaged area. Varnish is added to the damaged areas because bees will mistake the varnish for glass and avoid that area.

Are Bees Destroying Your Home?

A beehive on your property is something that no homeowner or company owner should have to deal with on their own. When you need to get rid of bees, you need to call a competent professional who has the know-how and knowledge to fix all of the hidden damage that honeybees or carpenter bees produce. If you have any questions about professional bee removal services, please contact the Honey Bee Rescuers and connect with a local bee control expert.

 

Sources:

  1. Shetlar, David. “Honey Bees in House Walls.” Ohioline, Ohio State University, 2 Apr. 2012, ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-2079.
  2. “Carpenter Bees.” NC State Extension Publications, content.ces.ncsu.edu/carpenter-bees. Accessed 4 Aug. 2021.
  3. “Xylocopa Latreille Large Carpenter Bees”. Discover Life. Accessed 4 Aug. 2021. Sourced from Mitchell, T.B. (1962). Bees of the Eastern United States, Volume II. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station. Tech. Bul. No.152, 557 p.
  4. Yanega, D. “Carpenter Bees, Order Hymenoptera Family Apidae, Genus Xylocopa”. U.C. Riverside Entomology Research Museum. Accessed 4 Aug. 2021.
  5. Potter, M. “Carpenter Bees”. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Department of Entomology. Accessed 4 Aug. 2021.